UNAMID African Union/United Nations Hybrid operation in Darfur
"The African Union/UN Hybrid operation in Darfur, referred to by its acronym UNAMID, was established on 31 July 2007 with the adoption of Security Council resolution 1769. UNAMID has the protection of civilians as its core mandate, but is also tasked with contributing to security for humanitarian assistance, monitoring and verifying implementation of agreements, assisting an inclusive political process, contributing to the promotion of human rights and the rule of law, and monitoring and reporting on the situation along the borders with Chad and the Central African Republic (CAR)," states the UN's website.
UNAMID's Failure Exposed by Colum Lynch
(Foreign Policy/April 2014)
BLOOD OATH: INSIDE THE UNITED NATIONS' DARFUR DEBACLE
'They Just Stood Watching'
After the Darfur genocide, the United Nations sent in 20,000 peacekeepers with a single mission -- to protect the region's civilians. A Foreign Policy investigation details why they failed, and what the U.N. knew about it.
Part 2 in Foreign Policy’s exclusive investigation of the U.N.'s peacekeeping debacle in Darfur.
'A Mission That Was Set Up to Fail'
How Washington turned its back on a foreign-policy triumph and let Darfur descend back into chaos. Part 3 in Foreign Policy's exclusive investigation of the U.N.'s peacekeeping debacle in Sudan.
ICC to UN: Investigate Your Cover-Ups (June 2014)
Excerpt: the prosecutor's call for an independent investigation suggests she is not satisfied an in-house "strategic review" by the U.N. Department of Peacekeeping Operations will be adequate in addressing the mission's shortcomings.
UN's Internal Investigation (October 2014)
"The Secretary-General is deeply troubled by these findings," Dujarric said. "He recognizes that UNAMID faces unique challenges owing to its complex mandate and operating environment. Nevertheless, keeping silent or underreporting on incidents involving human rights violations and threats or attacks on U.N. peacekeepers cannot be condoned under any circumstances."
UNAMID Facts and Figures (as of 25 November 2014)
Initial authorization (Security Council resolution 1769 of 31 July 2007)
- 19,555 military personnel
- 6,432 police
- 3,772 police personnel
- 19 formed police units comprising up to 140 personnel each
- A significant civilian component
Current authorization (Security Council resolution 2173 of 27 August 2014)
The Security Council decided to decrease strength of military and police components as follows:
- 15,845 military personnel
- 3,403 police
- 1,583 police personnel
- 13 formed police units comprising up to 140 personnel each
Current strength (30 September 2014)
- 15,996 total uniformed personnel
- 12,656 troops
- 299 military observers
- 3,041 police (including formed units)
- 1,022 international civilian personnel*
- 2,914 local civilian staff*
- 306 United Nations Volunteers
*NB: Statistics for international and local civilians are as of 31 August 2014
Bangladesh, Bolivia, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, China, Ecuador, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Indonesia, , Iran, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Malaysia, Mali, Mongolia, Namibia, Nepal, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palau, Peru, Republic of Korea, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Thailand, Togo, United Republic of Tanzania, Yemen, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Indonesia, Jamaica, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Namibia, Nepal, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palau, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Tajikistan, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, United Republic of Tanzania, Yemen and Zambia.
- 140 troops
- 43 police
- 1 military observer
- 3 international civilian
- 18 local civilian
- 2 other
- 207 total
- Method of financing: Assessment in respect of a Special Account
Approved Budget (07/2014-12/2014): $639,654,200
Excerpt: Takes note of the status of contributions to the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur as at 30 April 2014, including the contributions outstanding in the amount of 95.9 million United States dollars, representing some 1 per cent of the total assessed contributions, notes with concern that only 85 Member States have paid their assessed contributions in full, and urges all other Member States, in particular those in arrears, to ensure payment of their outstanding assessed contributions;